Discover the transformative power of a 401(k) with our Guide to 401(k) Plans. Learn about the flexible features of a 401(k), tailored to accommodate the diverse needs of small businesses like yours. Empower your business's future and cultivate a loyal, financially secure team.
All the essential 401(k) plan details for small businesses in one simple download.
A 401(k) is a retirement savings program tailored for businesses, allowing owners and their employees to contribute portions of their salaries to individual, often tax-deductible accounts. Here’s why it’s a choice option:
Legislation from December 2022 further simplifies the process for business owners to initiate these retirement plans. Pairing this with Ubiquity’s cost-effective, flat-fee plan ensures maximum benefits for both employers and employees.
A 401(k) plan serves as more than a financial tool; it’s a testament to commitment and foresight, fostering a sense of belonging and value among employees. By providing a 401(k) plan, businesses demonstrate that they not only invest in their present but deeply care about their team’s futures. Here are the standout benefits:
Opting for a 401(k) plan is a transformative decision. It not only fosters a culture of appreciation and trust but also ensures the team feels valued and seen. It’s a way to blend business acumen with genuine care, cementing the bond between employers and their workforce. Secure a brighter tomorrow while nurturing a stronger, more united team today.
There has never been a better time to open a 401(k) for your small business. See if you qualify for up to $16,500 with our calculator.
A 401(k) plan for small businesses offers dual paths for both employers and employees to invest: traditional pre-tax contributions and Roth 401(k) contributions. While pre-tax contributions allow for immediate tax benefits, Roth 401(k) contributions are made with after-tax dollars, offering future tax-free distributions. These distributions include both the initial contributions and any investment earnings, provided the employee meets specific requirements. To reap these tax-free benefits, the Roth 401(k) account must be held for at least 5 years, and the individual must be 59½ or older, disabled, or deceased. The Roth 401(k) serves as a powerful tool for those concerned about potential future tax changes, safeguarding against an unpredictable tax landscape and offering a reliable pathway to financial security.
A 401(k) plan has to meet certain rules each year to make sure it’s fair for everyone, not just the top earners. If a plan doesn’t pass these fairness checks, a small business owner can switch to a Safe Harbor 401(k) plan.
A Safe Harbor 401(k) avoids these checks by requiring the employer to make specific contributions that belong to the employee right away. By choosing this option, owners and higher-paid employees can put more money into their 401(k) without being held back by what lower-paid employees contribute. It’s a flexible option that helps everyone make the most of their retirement savings.
Unlike standard profit-sharing methods, the New Comparability Plan lets business owners contribute more to certain groups, such as older or higher-earning employees, while still meeting the non-discrimination rules. This plan design is often used by small business owners to maximize their contributions while providing a valuable retirement benefit to employees. It offers a flexible way to allocate contributions and can be a significant advantage for retirement planning.
“Ubiquity's customer service has been spectacular, and their ability to work with my team to educate them on the importance of retirement savings surpasses any other provider I've used. The team is amazing and their pricing and products are better than all the other providers I compared them against.”
When individuals stop working for the business sponsoring the 401(k), they typically have four options regarding their 401(k) savings. They can choose to leave their savings in that 401(k), roll over (move) their money to another 401(k), roll over their money to an IRA, or take a cash distribution of their savings. If an individual dissolves their 401(k) and takes the cash, it’s counted as income that year and taxed because the contributions were not taxed when deposited into the 401(k). You will be taxed for the contribution and all the interest earned unless your 401(k) was set up as a Roth, or after-tax plan. Many individuals choose to roll their 401(k) money directly into an IRA or into a 401(k) offered by their new employer. Expert advice: Look at the investment choices available to you and the fees associated with the plan or IRA before making any moves.
In saving for retirement, tax laws are designed to discourage savers from taking money out of a 401(k) before they retire. Money can only be taken out of a 401(k) after certain events occur such as leaving employment, disability, and retirement. Many 401(k) plans allow individuals to take a withdrawal before retirement if they are experiencing a financial hardship. Distributions took before an individual reaches retirement age may be subject to early distribution taxes as well as income taxes.
Required minimum distributions
If someone reaches age 73 and still has money in their 401(k), they must begin taking a minimum payment each year until the account is depleted. Some 401(k) plans provide exceptions for older workers who are still employed. When the 401(k) participant dies, the person(s) they named as beneficiary generally must continue taking payments out of the 401(k).
Employer 401(k) contributions
Many employers make additional contributions to their employees’ 401(k) plan accounts to help their employees reach their retirement planning goals faster, while also taking advantage of additional tax benefits for their business. The most common employer contribution is a match on a portion of the dollars an employee puts into the plan – for example, an employer may choose to contribute $1 for each dollar the employee contributes, up to the first 3% of the employees’ pre-tax pay. Employers, including self-employed individuals, also sometimes make discretionary profit-sharing contributions to their employees.
Maximum 401(k) contributions
For 2023, you can save up to $22,500 of your pay in a 401(k) ($30,000 if you’re age 50 or older). In addition, the business may make matching or profit-sharing contributions. Employee contributions, combined with any employer contributions, cannot be greater than the employee’s income for the year, up to a maximum of $66,000 for 2023.
Limits for high-earning individuals
Tax laws require 401(k) plans to pass nondiscrimination tests each year to make certain the 401(k) is not primarily benefiting high-earning individuals within the company. The IRS wants to ensure that plans that are being established within an organization are fair and balanced, hence the name, nondiscrimination testing. If lower-paid individuals are not making significant contributions, high-earners and business owners may not be able to maximize their contributions.
Discover Ubiquity's Guide to 401(k) Plans
Delve into a resource crafted with clarity and empathy. It’s not about overwhelming you with complexity, but empowering you with knowledge. Embrace the guide to chart a future filled with possibilities and ensure that every step taken is a confident stride towards a brighter and more fulfilling tomorrow.
Unlock the secrets of pre-tax contributions, personalized investment strategies, and the impactful gesture of matching your employees’ contributions. Elevate your understanding, fortify your decisions, and nurture a shared vision of growth and prosperity. Dive in today.
Download our Guide and learn how a 401(k) can help lower your taxable income at a low fee and help you and your employees achieve greater financial security.